Jindal Institute of Behavioural Sciences

Regular Electives

Introduction to Psychology

Psychology is “the study of the mind and behavior” and the aim of the course is to familiarize Students with a wide range of theories and research investigating human behavior. The course examines both theoretical and practical aspects of psychology. Core areas of study introduce you to the scientific bases of psychology including social and developmental psychology, research methods, physiology, perception and cognition. The course has been developed to be as interesting and challenging as possible. The objective is to explore how psychology has contributed to an understanding of individual, social and cultural diversity.

Organizational Behaviour

Organization Development (OD) focuses on planned change in a total system. That system can range from a work unit through a company division up to an entire organization. Starting with an initial historical perspective of the field, the course explores the core organizational model of entry/contracting, diagnosis, feedback, implementation and evaluation. Working from this core model, students examine the range of OD interventions used in the past and present.

 

Organization Development is both a science and an art. Effective OD is achieved through a system focus and approach. Yet both the choice and the success of OD implementations are also strongly influenced by organizational needs, organizational politics, market forces and fad. Thus, in examining and discussing OD interventions, students will learns to maintain a focus on the business problem/issue that is the target of the implementation.

Competency Mapping

A recent study suggests that more than 65% of the Fortune 500 companies and (since the beginning of the last decade) many Indian companies including several MNCs in India have designed or re-designed their HR practices based on competency modeling.

 

Competency Mapping is a process of identifying key competences in an organization, and then using it for job evaluation, recruitment, training and development, performance and talent management, succession planning etc. There is a need for Human Resources and other professionals to understand the distinct approach and the detailed methodologies involved in building Competency Model, Competency Mapping and Measurement tools to be used during the process so that they effectively integrate and implement the contemporary HR policies and practices in their organizations. This course is intended to make professionals understand design, plan and implement the assessment and development centers. The major objective of this course is to obtain knowledge about various psychometric testing and other management techniques and tools, particularly observational skills. It also helps to understand the organizational interventions on the basis of the assessment results to optimize the growth process.

Compensation and Benefits

Compensation and Benefits Management is an important human resource (HR) tools that organizations use to manage their employee. For an organization to receive its money’s worth and motivate & retain skilled employees, it needs to ensure that its compensation system is not an island by itself. Therefore, one of the most important purposes of imparting this course is that it is most significant for an organization to link compensation to its overall goals and strategies. Compensation and Benefits Management helps in establishing an internally equitable and externally competitive philosophy and practice for paying employees.

 

Smart, successful organizations do regular planning and evaluating of their compensation and performance appraisal systems. Because compensation is visible and important to employees, it is critical to consistently communicate a clear message regarding how pay decisions are made. In short, a solid compensation strategy requires that employee pay matches the organizational requirements.

Business Etiquettes and Communication

The way we communicate in a business setting have changed dramatically in the past several years and are constantly evolving. Today, we communicate faster, more often and across several different channels, each moment of every day. It is therefore imperative that management of incoming/outgoing information and responses receive undivided attention, in order to maintain optimal efficiency and effectiveness. The course ‘Business etiquette and communication’ aims to train students by transferring practical and theoretical knowledge to imbibe good business etiquettes, that will help them to advance their career and give them hands- on training in professional skills. It covers, but is not limited to ‘etiquettes and skills’ used in various settings: restaurants, fine dining, diners, pubs and cafes. It also includes etiquettes required for formal and informal correspondence, personal appearance, manners at home, mealtime manners, electronic etiquettes, and conversational skills. The course stresses on the importance of proper body language, tone, words, and introducing yourself and others in business and informal occasions.

 

Broadly, the course primarily focus on how a business interacts with both external and internal stakeholders. Being aware of this is now becoming an essential skill for a business employee and this course introduces business expectations that are to be expected in the modern business environment. Business etiquette, when practiced in an appropriate manner, can open communication channels, which can lead to building successful relationships, as well as your own personal success.

Juvenile Delinquency and Victim Psychology

This course will provide an experiential and insightful understanding of the theoretical approaches to juvenile and victim behaviours. The course provides a contextual understanding of concepts such as personality, motivation, attachment and their role in the formation of behaviours. Students will gather knowledge about moral reasoning, developmental milestones, and risk factors associated with behaviour: – self-victimization, prosocial, violence, aggression, criminal and bystander behaviours.

 

The student will gather knowledge about factors associated with development such as context, familial support, emotional, social background, personality, individual and behavioural attributes and their lasting emotional, societal and interactional effects on the individual and their surroundings.

Criminal Psychology

Psychology, as we all know is the scientific study of human behavior. For the community at large, it is important to recognize that criminal science is larger than criminal law. As a one semester elective course, this module focuses on understanding the criminal behavior and what causes such behavior from a psychological perspective. Starting with an introduction to basic theoretical concepts in psychology, the course moves on exploring various mental and psychological conditions and their relationship with the propensity to commit crime. We critically examine ideas and theories and build an inclusive understanding towards the complex nature of criminal behavior.

 

This course also looks at psychology in the courtroom, police psychology, and in prevention and rehabilitation. This course imparts an understanding of what makes an individual a ‘criminal’ and the methods used to identify offenders through psychological profiling, detection of deceit and eye witness testimony. More contemporary topics like white collar crime, technology and crime, terrorism and others are also discussed. The idea is to look derive at certain indicators for crime causation, and recommendations for the protection of witnesses and victims and rehabilitation of offenders through discussions, debates and directed thinking.

Forensic Sciences

The course is intended to familiarize students with the close and necessary relationship between forensic science and criminal litigation. With the constant evolution of forensic science, the handling of evidence in court proceedings has also changed in the recent years.

 

The course is designed to teach the students about various branches of forensic sciences such as DNA testing, fingerprinting, ballistics, crime scene investigation, forensic pathology etc. and to give them an understanding of the subject in a manner which will further assist them in fully grasping the importance and implication of the forensic evidence and enable them to challenge such evidence.

 

Students who take this course can expect to emerge with a sound theoretical knowledge of scientific examination and functional knowledge of expert testimony and its scrutiny. This would enable them to examine the effect of scientific evidence on judgment and help in achieving fair and just results. Students will also find that they can draw upon the knowledge obtained in this elective in any of the other aspects of law – criminal, civil, art and cultural heritage, sports etc.

Art of Listening, Attachment & Intimacy in Relationships

This course provides an understanding about the art of listening, attachment and intimacy in relationships. The students will be introduced to the existing theoretical concepts, empirical research, and experiential learning exercises. This course will elaborate on the following concepts that impact relationships: listening and its types, attachments and its types, expectations and different love languages, intimacy and its types and their impact on relationships. The course provides a platform for students to discuss the influencers, myths, expectation, love languages, identifying conflicts and their resolution in relationships for the self and others. This course aims to foster introspection, identification, analysis, and discussion of the concepts and their application to real life experiences. And how the above are shaped by constructs of power, gender and social media. This course encourages introspection and reflection. It attempts to spread awareness and knowledge about concepts that have been associated with quality of relationships

Psychological Assessment at Workplace

Psychological assessment is the science of measuring mental capacities and process. The course will focus on the theory and techniques of psychological measurement. The course shall focus on the data collection methods in social sciences, data coding, data entry, data cleaning, and data processing and data analysis techniques. These processes are devoted to testing, measurement, assessment and related activities. The objective of the course is to enable the students to understand the steps of construction and validation of assessment instruments such as questionnaires, tests, rater’s judgements and personality tests. The course will also highlight item response theory, intraclass correlation etc. The statistical computation of reliability (inter-item correlation and alpha coefficient) and validity (construct validity, face validity, predictive validity, discriminant validity and convergent validity) will be taught through the use of SPSS and AMOS/ LISREL. The course will be aimed towards construction of questionnaire or psychological scales and standardization process.

Human Cognitive Processes

There is more general interest than ever in understanding the mysteries of the human brain and the mind. Cognitive psychology is concerned with the processes that allow us to make sense of the world around us and to make reasonably sensible decisions about how to cope with everyday life. The cognitive encompasses processes such as perception, attention, memory, problem solving, decision making, language etc. the recent developments in the field have permeated most of the rest of psychology – developmental psychology, social psychology, and abnormal psychology. The understanding of these processes has led to transformation of emotion, cognition, motivation and decision making research arena.

Psychology of the Courtroom

This course will provide an insight into understanding the psychological perspective of crime scene. When an individual commits an illegal activity she/ he is subsequently charged with the crime. In any illegal activity there are often three individuals involved: perpetrator, victim and eyewitness. Once illegal offence is registered the justice system gets involved which comprises of police, advocates and judges in Indian context.

 

This course shall focus on (i) the psychological research of witness and (ii) psychological research on the justice system. The course would cover the different factors categorised in the psychological research such as estimator variables, system variables and post-diction variables and how they affect accuracy of witness, confidence of witness and judgement of justice system. Broad introduction to psychological theories and research concerned with accuracy of witness memory and making sense of the eyewitness memory process of acquisition (exposure duration to event), retention and retrieval of information will be discussed in relation to the factors.  Further the course would dwell into eyewitness decision making process and relevant theories, psychological research on line-up presentation and identification accuracy of perpetrator. Students shall learn about the different factors that affect the accuracy of eyewitness and how eyewitness confidence affects judge’s decision making.

Cultural Laws and Policies in the Art Market

This course will examine and investigate the relationship in the contemporary art market and arts’ social, cultural, historical, political and commercial value. Divided into three modules, this course will attempt to familiarize the student with the various facets of the art world, and particularly the art market – firstly, how the value of art is determined in different context, the business and law of buying and selling art, the use of legal and moral censorship to change and control the value of art. The first module deals comprehensively with exploring the different kinds of values placed on artworks and the factors that govern their definition. We talk about the changing value of art with time, and what implications can ‘owning’ art have, beyond a financial asset.

 

In the second module, we also look into legal aesthetics that govern any creation of and business in items of art. In this relation, we attempt to gain an understanding of the opaque and ‘grey’ art market to study and examine the key structures and relationships in primary and secondary transactions of art. For a better understanding, we will also talk about different kinds of art crimes and their repercussions on the value of the art and artist. By comparing international and national art laws, we underline the essence of some key legal issues relating to the ownership and trading of art through auction and private sales, scope of provenance research as part of the due diligence, agency and relationships, taxation, copyright and other intellectual property issues, artists’ agreements, art management and conservation etc.

 

In the third module, we draw upon the social influence of art in order to address some of the contemporary and ongoing issues and debates in the art world that can and have affected the  representation, censorship of art, cultural preservation and management, which in turn have affected the commercial value of the art. One of the key discussions in this area will draw from the lectures in authenticity and provenance from the previous module, and try to answer the bigger question of repatriation and return of looted art. Through these discussions, we understand how art lends to the political and social narratives of the times and how its value can be extended to manage and influence social and political consciousness.

 

By the end of the course, students will gain a variety of critical and practical knowledge through which to understand the art business and critique current approaches to artist rights and economic practices in the market.

Blood Antiquities and Archaeopolitics (co-taught with JSLH)

Looting, art crimes and the black-market trade in antiquities recently sat behind only oil as a source of funding for extremist organisations such as Da’esh (Islamic State). The FBI and INTERPOL have estimated that the global annual turnover of these illegal activities is in the billions of US dollars. Illegal looting (on both small and industrial scales) is virtually ubiquitous across the world – destroying archaeological contexts and robbing countries of their cultural heritage. The illicit trade of antiquities and the mechanics behind their clandestine movement thus represents one of the most damaging and prevalent illegal activities today.

 

Furthermore, archaeological and historical narratives are often manipulated by different groups to forge specific national and/or religious identities in contested space – such as in Israel and The Palestinian Territories; in Iraq, Iran, Syria and Afghanistan; in Greece and in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia; and even here in India, just to name a few contemporary examples. These pressures all have severe impacts on cultural heritage management practices, the selective destruction and preservation of the archaeological record, the visibility of minority communities and their heritage, issues of repatriation, on research activity, and on public narratives about “national” histories. Historically, they have even been used to justify significant conflict.

 

This course aims to investigate the dynamics behind these various activities, contextualize their importance, and explore potential solutions. We will identify looting mechanisms, detail the black-market trade in antiquities and art, and be exposed to current efforts to curtail these damaging practices. In addition, we will explore the ways in which archaeology and historical narratives can be manipulated. In different contexts, we will discuss questions such as “who owns the past?”, “which cultural heritage is worth preserving?”, and “what makes antiquities and art so valuable?”.

 

The course intends to make students understand the concept of leadership and how it is applied at all levels of organizational management.