Jindal Institute of Behavioural Sciences

Centre for Victomology and Psychological Studies (CVPS)

Centre for Victimology and Psychological Studies (CVPS) is a research centre that studies various aspects of victim and offender psychology and aims to produce constructive research towards holistic rehabilitation of victims. Other research work includes topics such as, euthanasia, death penalty, internet infidelity etc. that deals with the interdependency between law and behavioral studies. Our Centre also works on understanding and incorporating the role of forensic science to administer better legal help and justice to victims. By understanding the psychological, sociological, cultural and legal aspects of victimology, we propose suggestions for the legislature, policy makers and researchers to assist the victims in the best possible manner. The Centre is very active right from the time of its conception with workshops, lectures and other activities. We plan to handhold with NGOs and even commence a 24 hour helpline for victims.

Centre for Victimology and Psychological Studies (CVPS) works on the various aspects of victim and offender psychology to produce constructive research towards holistic rehabilitation of victims.

We have worked in euthanasia, death penalty, internet infidelity, victim assistance, conflict management and other such fields. Our research, so far, has integrated the interdependency between law and behavioral studies. The Centre also works on understanding and incorporating the role of forensic science to administer better legal help and justice to victims.

By understanding the psychological, sociological, cultural and legal aspects of victimology, we propose suggestions for the legislature, policy makers and researchers to assist the victims in the best possible manner. The Centre has been very active from its conception with workshops, lectures and other activities.

 

What is Victimology?

 

Victimology is the social science of victims, of victimizations and of reaction to both. It comprises much more than the relationship between victims and offenders. Victimology deals with the individual suffering of victims. It scientifically studies crisis intervention and victim assistance. Victimology and Psychology are connected in an interactive working relationship. The fields inform each other in understanding the plight of victims and in developing interventions to alleviate the burden of victims. The awareness of victimology in academia has to grow – many fields deal with similar individual and institutional phenomena. Victimology may provide the needed theoretical depth to usually unintegrated widely scattered domains in the sciences of human suffering.

Psychological Studies refers to the broad areas of psychology: social, developmental, political, organizational, interpersonal and intrapersonal issues, mental health, mental illness, trauma studies, primary and secondary victimization, conflict management, police studies, victimization, gender roles, family functioning, community support and resilience, program planning and evaluation and health psychology. The focus is to study psychological, sociological and cultural processes from different perspectives and encourage a platform for interdisciplinary and collaborative empirical research using different modes: – experimental, observational, ethnographic, textual, interpretive, and survey.

 

Victimology is the social science of victims, of victimizations and of reaction to both. It comprises much more than the relationship between victims and offenders. Victimology deals with the individual suffering of victims. It scientifically studies crisis intervention and victim assistance. Victimology and Psychology are connected in an interactive working relationship. The fields inform each other in understanding the plight of victims and in developing interventions to alleviate the burden of victims. The awareness of victimology in academia has to grow – many fields deal with similar individual and institutional phenomena. Victimology may provide the needed theoretical depth to usually unintegrated widely scattered domains in the sciences of human suffering.

Psychological Studies refers to the broad areas of psychology: social, developmental, political, organizational, interpersonal and intrapersonal issues, mental health, mental illness, trauma studies, primary and secondary victimization, conflict management, police studies, victimization, gender roles, family functioning, community support and resilience, program planning and evaluation and health psychology. The focus is to study psychological, sociological and cultural processes from different perspectives and encourage a platform for interdisciplinary and collaborative empirical research using different modes: – experimental, observational, ethnographic, textual, interpretive, and survey.

 

Hidden Victimizations

 

Domestic victimizations play an enormous role in India. Often, people hold the patriarchic structure of society –– the pervasive ruling position of men over women –– responsible for such violence,. The serving role to which women are assigned, may very well translate into aggressiveness. We know that both, men and women, are aggressive and contribute to Intimate Partner Victimization. International studies of Dating Violence have reconfirmed that boys and girls are equally aggressive, however, male violence has more severe consequences. Most of these events are Hidden Victimizations, that is they are not reported to authorities like police. If victimizations are not reported to the police i.e. the official system of crime control is not invoked.

 

A veil of shame clouds such victimizations, and people believe consequently that these events are the exception. Society prefers to conceal them completely. Victimologists specializing in these phenomena do not believe in silencing these problems. Violence between romantic partners has been studied and is quite frequent among married couples. From studies of crimes that were committed but never reported to police, we know that there is an abundance of criminalizeable problematic events (events which could be dealt with as crimes) which are usually solved without the involvement of authorities in criminal justice. It is only in exceptional cases that the criminal justice system gets involved. This criminal justice system is hopelessly overburdened and clogged. The centre of victimology and psychological studies looks at both, the incidence and effects of such victimizations and at the ways to help victims cope with the consequences and avoid the victimization.

 

Physical Violence and Sexual Victimization

 

Slapping and beating children has severe consequences. Children learn to accept violence as a proper reaction. How can we expect to build a somewhat violence free society with peaceful conflict resolution techniques if we beat violently our children? Education in the family, in kindergarten and schools needs to become violence free. By focusing on violence in families, the Centre of Victimology and Psychological Studies contributes to the knowledge relevant for parents, educators, attorneys, prosecutors and judges.

 

Sexual victimization is a sad part of our life. It becomes even more sad by silencing. Victimology looks at sexual victimization in kindergarten, schools and universities to avoid sexual victimization and to alleviate the suffering for victims. Victimizations in institutions like prisons, police, army needs attention. Society usually wants to turn a blind eye to these victimizations. Endeavors to improve these institutions, to avoid victimizations and to assist victims, are unnecessarily hampered. In other countries, sexual victimization on campus are counteracted. Campus security in a country with several thousand public and private universities is a very important social issue. It surfaces occasionally when instances remain unattended to by university administrators. Rape on campus is rarely made public. It is hushed and its importance is minimized which means that victims suffer in silence.

 

The Centre of Victimology and Psychological Studies often plays the role of the informant. It deals with facts that society prefers not to deal with. Silencing these problems does not help to alleviate the burden for all of us. Silencing means is joining the conspiracy of silence.

Vision

 

The Centre will  :

  • impact the current development of the interdisciplinary science “Victimology” and its bridges to Psychology;
  • promote broad knowledge about victimological insights and applications. 

Mission

 

The Centre is committed :

  • to encourage research in victimology and psychology, 
  • to promote the integration of fields related to victimology and psychology, 
  • to effectively reinforce the relationships between disciplines which are not yet sufficiently related to victimology.

Aims

  • The Centre hopes to bring together related scientific approaches and fields to develop an integrated yet praxis-oriented body of knowledge in victimology and psychological studies 
  • The Centre will promote the further development of victimological and psychological knowledge and disseminate it locally, regionally, nationally and globally. 
  • Above all, the Centre will contribute to avoid victimization worldwide whenever possible and will strive to contribute to the alleviation the suffering of victims in India and globally. 
  • It will contribute to improve and qualify the way victims are treated officially and unofficially where necessary the services for victim assistance. 

Means

The institute, to alleviate the burden for victims and for the institutions and organizations in society will realize its aims and objectives on local, regional, national and international level: 

  • by conducting research in various fields of victimology and its relation to psychology; 
  • by serving as a turntable for knowledge to come to India and to bring Indian scientific insights to the international forum; 
  • by organizing conferences of regional, national and international scope; 
  • by conducting workshops and trainings for professionals and volunteers; 
  • by developing teaching tools for institutions of primary, secondary and tertiary education; 
  • by publishing diverse contributions with the aim to disseminate knowledge as a service to the public; 
  • by developing other tools to facilitate international exchange and cooperation; 
  • by attracting and mentoring postgraduate students from India and from abroad, and, 
  • by offering a Certificate in Victimology and Psychology in cooperation with national and international bodies.

To achieve the aims, the centre will:

 

  • Develop and organize symposia, conferences, seminars colloquia, workshops and presentations to bring together international and national experts for victimological and psychological study related deliberations and for congresses, symposia, conferences, Seminars and workshops of global, International, regional and local scope to develop new knowledge and to disseminate it. 

  • Serve as a documentation centre to collect the international contributions in the field of Victimoloy and Psychological studies and assist in making research results and publications available to various scientists, students and practitioners. It will publish a journal the Global Advances in Victimology and Psychological Studies . 

  • Develop and conduct trainings and certificate courses in Victimology and Psychological Studies to enable practitioners in the helping professions and in the criminal justice system to get specific knowledge relevant for their profession and to be able to avoid secondary victimization. The centre will organize internships for students. It will conduct Postgraduate Studies in form of its Asian International Postgraduate Studies in Victimology, Victim Assistance and Criminal Justice for students and practitioners. It will open possibilities for Master and Doctor Courses and research. 

  • It will serve as a Centre of Excellency to support criminal justice and victim assistance efforts locally, regionally, nationally and globally with expertise and practical services wherever needed and demanded.
     

Task of the Centre

The Centre serves the advancement of Victimology and Psychological Studies and its application in India. The Centre cooperates through its membership in the World Society of Victimology and its affiliation with the Indian Society of Victimology to coordinate worldwide insights in victimology and the related practical application in India. 

The Centre promotes evidence based research. It serves public interest by providing study and learning opportunities for students and professionals. Task of the Centre.

The Centre serves the advancement of Victimology and Psychological Studies and its application in India. The Centre cooperates through its membership in the World Society of Victimology and its affiliation with the Indian Society of Victimology to coordinate worldwide insights in victimology and the related practical application in India. 

The Centre promotes evidence based research. It serves public interest by providing study and learning opportunities for students and professionals.

Journal Publication

 
  • Jain, G., Palit, M., & Dhanda, A. (2016). Honor restored with the blood shed of loved ones: Honor killing and bystander intervention. Femicide Volume IV, ACUNS (Academic Council of United Nations System)

  • Palit, M., Dhanda, A., & Jain, G. Preventing femicide in India (2016): Valuing and safeguarding the girl child and women. Femicide Volume IV, ACUNS (Academic Council of United Nations System). Available online from 8th July, 2016- http://acuns.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/FemicideVol-IV.pdf

  • Sahni, S., Jain, G., & Gupta, I. (In press) Understanding Digital Piracy through the lens of Psychosocial, Criminological and Cultural factors. International Journal of Technology Policy and Law. Inderscience publishers (Indexed in SCOPUS)

  • Kumar, V., Srivastava, D.K., Sahni, S., Jain, G. (2016) Psychological Responses to Influenza A, H1N1 (‘Swine Flu’) in India. Journal of Psychosocial Research. Vol. 11, No. 1.

  • Palit, M., & Allen, K. (2016). Making meaning of the virginity experience: Young men’s perceptions in the United States. Sexual & Relationship Therapy Journal, doi: 10.1080/14681994.2016.1237771.

Book Chapters

  • Jain, G., & Sahni, S. P. (2017). Understanding Attribution Bias and Reasons Behind Internet Infidelity in India. In Cybercrime, Organized Crime, and Societal Responses (pp. 47-65). Springer International Publishing.

  • Sahni, S. P., Jain, G., & Gupta, I. (2017). Measures in the Background of Piracy in Entertainment and Software Industry in India. In Cybercrime, Organized Crime, and Societal Responses (pp. 233-247). Springer International Publishing.

  • Jain, G., Sahni, S. & Mehra, N. (under review, accepted). Sexual Identity expression on Internet: An Empirical Study on Gay, Straight and Bisexuals in India. In Internet Infidelity: An Interdisciplinary Insight in a Global Context. Springer.

  • Jain, G., & Sen, S. (under review, accepted). Adultery in the Age of Technology: Complexities and Methodological Challenges in studying Internet Infidelity. In Internet Infidelity: An Interdisciplinary Insight in a Global Context. Springer.

  • Sahni, S. & Jain, G. (under review, accepted). An overview of Internet Infidelity. In Internet Infidelity: An Interdisciplinary Insight in a Global Context. Springer.

  • Sahni, S. & Swasti, S. (under review, manuscript). Myths Associated with InternetInfidelity: Is It A Real Problem? In Internet Infidelity: An Interdisciplinary Insight in a Global Context. Springer.

  • Majumdar, S. & Palit, M. (2016). Victimization and Its Impact: Need for psychosocial support. In S. Sahni, A. Dhanda & M. Palit (Eds). Victims’ Assistance in India: Suggesting Legislative reforms- A Comprehensive Comparative Policy Review. New Delhi: ANE Publishing.

  • Palit, M., & Levin, S. (2016) Collaborative Therapy with Women and Children Refugees in Houston: Moving toward Rehabilitation in U.S after Enduring Atrocities of War. In Dr Laurie L Charlés & Dr Gameela Samarasinghe (Eds). Family therapy in global humanitarian contexts: Voices and issues from the Field, (39-49). American Family Therapy Academy: Springer Publication.

  • Nunna, B. (2016). Nirbhaya: Incident and One Stop Center Programme in India. In Edited book by Dr. Gerd Kirchhoff, Dr. Manjushree Palit and Dr. Sanjeev P. Sahni. In Global Victimology New Voices: Theory- Facts- Legislation.

Books

  • Sahni, S.P.; Dhanda, A & Palit, M (2016). Victim Assistance in India: Suggesting Legislative Reform. ANE

  • Kirchhoff, G; Palit, M & Sahni, S. (2016). Global Victimology New Voices: Theory- Facts- Legislation. Lexis Nexis India

  • Sahni, S.P. & Jain, G. (Eds) (under review, accepted). Internet Infidelity: An Interdisciplinary Insight in a Global Context. Springer Nature Singapore.

  • Sahni, S.P. & Jain, G. (in progress). Conflict: The Police & The People. Lexis Nexis.

  • Jain,G.; Sahni, S.P. & Kirchhoff, G. (2016). Crisis Intervention Center. Victimology and Victim Assistance. E- Pathshala project. Ministry of Human Resource and Development. Government of India. (Module submitted)

  • Sahni, S.P., Jain,G.; Kirchhoff, G. (2016). Role of NGOs in Victim Assistance. E- Pathshala Projecct. Ministry of Human Resource and Development. Government of India. (Module submitted)

JIBS Prints

ISBN: 9789385462436
Victims’ Assistance in India 

ISBN: 9789350359518
Global Victimology: New Voices
Theory, Facts & Legislation 

ISBN: 9811054118
Internet Infidelity
The Global Perspectives on Victimology

Doctoral Research

Doctoral candidates at Jindal Institute of Behavioural Sciences work on individual projects for their dissertation. Their projects are as follows: 

Arnab Bose : “Smart Neighbourhoods – The Role of Social Media on Building Resilience in Indian Society”

Mohammad Omar Faruk: “Criminal Justice System as a Response to Violence Against Women : A Study of Victims of Domestic Violence in Bangladesh”

Sarni Jain: “Impact of Mood on Risk Perception of Indian Investors – an Empirical Study”

Joyshree Munshi: “The Influence of the Organizational Structure of Banks on Risk and Decision Making”

Bhanu Prakash Nunna: “One – Stop – Centres : Implementation – Problems of State Initiated Victim Assistance Post Nirbhaya in India”

Other Projects

The Centre finished the following Research Projects:

Death Penalty:This study was the first of its kind in India. The project assessed public attitude towards capital punishment, the type of crime and circumstances for which death penalty is favored, the level of support among various subpopulations and understanding the reasons, socio-psychological and attitudinal correlates of death penalty in India.

Internet Infidelity:This project was undertaken to provide a coherent and organized view on the reasons behind the act of cheating in primary relationships and more specifically the reasons for involvement in Internet Infidelity. The study also further delved in the domain of possible cyberspace addiction and infidelity on intimate partner violence, divorce, marital discord, mental health related issues and neglect of best parenting practices. The results of this project shine a light on the current law of adultery and questions whether the law should be expanded to include online infidelity. It also offers a proposal for legislators and decision makers in the Indian context. 

Conflict Management and Conflict Resolution: This project was endorsed by the Bureau of Police Research and Development and was undertaken to understand and analyze the causes of conflict between the public and police, to recognize the ways in which conflict situations are handled at the police stations, to determine gaps between existing methods versus an ideal manner of police resolution of conflict situations and to develop recommendations for working together as a system.

Victim Assistance Bill:This research project was conducted in order to open conversation (debates and discussions) on the need for a victim assistance bill especially in the Indian parliament towards betterment of the existing system. This was done through creating a thorough review of the existing compensation for crime victims and the support services offered globally. The proposed bill itself aims to contribute to a victim sensitive legislation for the society and bridge the gaps that exist in the current framework of victims’ assistance in India. 

Euthanasia:The debate on the right to life and the right to die a dignified death has arisen through India as well. Following this information, the study took place in order to understand and assess the public attitude in India towards Euthanasia and the specific reasons and circumstances for which Euthanasia is favored or opposed. 

Suicide among police personnel:The increase in suicides is a growing concern for all nations worldwide, and an alarming rate of increase in this phenomenon spans across different professions, age groups and socio-economic sections. This study to identify the factors that contribute to the rising number of suicides has been conducted on one such population that has not been widely recognized, particularly in India – the Indian Police Force. We studied the various factors that contributed to stress and suggested policy reforms and amendments that might ameliorate such factors.

The Centre hosts internship students from other Indian and foreign universities and institutions. Internships can be anytime between 2 months and 6 months. Interns are expected to actively engage in the work of the centre and complete certain concrete tasks for which credit may be available, according to the agreements between JGU and the institution from where the intern comes.

 

About the Course

 

The 15th Asian Postgraduate Course on Victimology, Victim Assistance and Criminal Justice (15APGC2017) offers a unique opportunity to study and learn about victimology and victim assistance in an international setting of students led by thirty professors, academic professionals and experts in the field. World famous international scholars and practitioners have already agreed to lecture in the course, among them the President of the World Society of Victimology, and the Vice Presidents Prof. Dr. Chockalingam (the father of the Indian Victimology) and Prof. Dr. Robert Peacock (South Africa), the Nestor of victimology in Africa are present. It is the aim of the course to bring to the participants the Basics of Victimology and Victim Assistance and to guide them to write a victimological paper and to present the same. 


 The Centre for Victimology & Psychological Studies, Jindal Institute of Behavioural Sciences in association with World Society of Victimology (WSV) and Indian Society of Victimology (ISV) invites you to 15th Asian Postgraduate Course on Victimology, Victime Assistance and Criminal Justice. The knowledge partners on this course are National Law University (NLU), Delhi; University of Madras; Raksha Shakti University, Gujarat and Manonmaniam Sundaranar University (MSU), Tirunelveli. 

 

Topics

 

Topics include traditional and innovative themes of victimology, like e.g. Theoretical Basics in Victimology, Principles of Victim Assistance, Avoidance of Secondary Victimization, Principles of Interventions for Crime Victims, Victimization in India, Victimization of Juveniles,” Structural Victimization”, Cyber-Victimization, The Victim in the Criminal Justice System, Internet Infidelity, Rape Victims, Mediation, Restoration and Compensation, Restorative Justice in India, Victims of Communal Violence, Sex Trafficking, Prison Victimization, Female Genital Mutilation. 

 

Publications

 

JGU reserves the right of publication for all presented contributions in the global Advances in Victimology and Psychological Studies journal.

 

Course Director

 

Prof. Dr. Gerd Ferdinand Kirchhoff, Prof. Dr. jur. (Justus Liebig University Giessen Germany) Professor of Victimology, Jindal Global University Law School, (JGLS), Executive Director, Jindal Institute of Behavioural Sciences (JIBS), Senior Fellow, Centre for Victimology & Psychological Studies (CVPS), Editor-in-Chief, Global Advances in Victimology and Psychological Studies.

 

Costs

 

O. P. Jindal Global University, Jindal Institute of Behavioural Sciences and the Centre for Victimology and Psychological Studies invite you to participate in this 15thAPGC for free. Accommodation, food and excursions are free for admitted participants, except for the farewell dinner which shall have a nominal fee. Participants will have to arrange for their own transport to and fro the campus on the day of arrival and departure. The University may provide transport on chargeable basis if the request is made well ahead of time. Please note that the number of seats available on this course are limited.

 

Course Structure

 

The course contains about thirty lectures of one hour each. There is also ample time allotted for discussions and questions. Previous knowledge in victimology and/or victim counseling maybe helpful for the participants but is in no way necessary to profit from the course. At the end of the course, participants will present a research paper of 15 minutes duration of the course. The topic will be focused on victimology and decided in consultation (and admitted for presentation) by one of the co-directors. It is recommended that you should prepare your presentation about a victimological topic prior to the beginning of the course but the final version must include knowledge you gained during the course. JGU reserves the right of publication for all presented contributions in the global Advances in Victimology and Psychological Studies journal. Please find the tentative day-to-day schedule listed below. 

 

Certification Requirements

 

Active Participation in all scheduled program events including in all Student Paper Presentations. All presentation of a paper to last 15 minutes including Q&A. If you cannot participate in all program events due to understandable reasons, the course directors will find a substitute assignment for you. The highly regarded “Asian Postgraduate Course Certificate” is awarded in the Closing Ceremony to those participants who meet the course requirements.