At JIBS, our faculty and research fellows undertake a diverse range of inter-disciplinary research with regional and global impact. In addition to our existing partnerships, we are keen to collaborate with interested researchers from JGU and other institutes who align with our research profiles.

Assessment of Civilians for Recruitment in the Army

Military personnel faces a multitude of diverse and adverse situations in difficult terrain daily. They are required to perform in extreme environmental conditions and required to maintain their equilibrium. The nature of their work demands a balance between physical, psychological and social wellbeing. Stringent physical parameters are addressed during the recruitment process, however psychological and psychophysiological assessment is in still lagging behind. The current project aims to assess several psycho-physiological variables such as reaction time, neuromuscular coordination, galvanic skin response, heart rate and so on of military personnel. Further, the study aims to validate the existing recruitment processes through psycho-physiological methods.

Capability Building through Competency Gap Analysis: Competency Framework, Assessment & Development

​Competency is a set of skills, knowledge,abilities,experience, personality traits and motivators that possess predictive value towards an individual effectively performing in a job. They are observable,measurable and consistent in nature which are reflected in a pattern of actions, thoughts and feelings. Competency mapping is the process of identification of competencies that are essential to be possesses in a order to perform a job task or job activity.Competency development helps to align employees with the strategic vision and goals of the organization and foster employee engagement and increase employee retention.The current project aims to strengthen the existing system through competency framework, competency assessment and competency development.

Use of Pre-Menstrual Syndrome as a Defense

There have been several noted cases internationally and at least one in India where the court has had to entertain a defense plea of pre-menstrual syndrome as a mitigation factor for reduced culpability to the crime. Through a study of these cases, we discuss how these cases have considered the plea, and in doing so, legally defined the condition of premenstrual syndrome as a psychological and/or physiological event that affects the defendants. In this paper, we discuss the spectrum of this syndrome and the effects that are scientifically known to be associated with it, and use this to suggest how the mental insanity clause in the Indian Law can be revisited. We also discuss the repercussions of allowing such defenses in court without adequate screening and scrutiny on modern feminism.

Admissibility of Scientific Evidences in Indian Courts

Categorizing all kinds of forensic evidences presented in court in the generic terminology of scientific evidence, this paper looks at the discerning process by which the trier of facts arrives at conclusions concerning the material elements of the case, specifically with regards to its inclusion or exclusion. Rule 702 and the Daubert precedence provide some general criteria on accepting scientific evidences/experts in court but a similarly explicit regulation or judgement is starkly missing from the Indian jurisprudence and legislations such as the Indian Evidence Act or Criminal Procedure Code. With rapidly advancing scientific inquiry rendering some of the previously acceptable science obsolete, and producing new sciences for the courts to entertain, the need of the hour is that the ultimate determination to include or exclude any specific scientific evidence or technique should be the product of constant preliminary and informed deliberations.

Kanika Agarwal

Pedagogical Approaches to Integration of Forensic Studies in Legal Education

As is increasingly evidenced in criminal courts, scientific evidence forms a crucial part of the trial strategy. However, the use of forensic evidence in Indian criminal justice system is limited, compared to its prevalence in the West. One of the factors contributing to this is the limited awareness regarding scientific procedures and analysis which is an impediment to the critical use of scientific evidence in court proceedings. However, introducing different disciplinary teachings from natural and physical sciences into a law classroom presents its own challenges. An initial search of pedagogy literature seems to suggest limited scholarship on the pedagogical techniques that can be used to meet the challenges faced in dissemination of advanced scientific information to students from a primarily social science academic background. Deriving from the case study of the forensic science course presently being offered at JGLS, this project aims to identify the variety of teaching methods and assessment patterns that might be used to impart and assess the learning outcomes and to verify the effectiveness of each strategy design with regards to instructor, curriculum design and student perception.

The Effect of Psychological Capital and Wisdom on Academic Adjustment of Undergraduate Students.

Universities play a crucial role towards the goal of academic achievement. Studies have examined how certain students struggle to adjust to the distinctiveness and requirements of the academic surroundings, and thereby get affected by stress and anxiety while there are certain students who get into the academic environment with cognitive and psychological resources that sustain them in effective coping with the everyday challenges they face (Gerdes and Mallinckrodt 1994; Morrison and Cosden 1997). The current study intends to examine the relation of Psychological Capital (PsyCap) and Wisdom to the academic adjustment of Undergraduate University students.

Mental Health of Lawyers

It has been observed that the mental health of lawyers does have an impact on their client’s winning or loosing of cases. This project aims at looking at a complete ecosystem of the understanding of concept of mental health by lawyers, measuring their mental health, creating their profiles and developing and carrying out interventions for enhancing their mental health or well-being. This project will also aim to do an impact analysis of the interventions, which is rarely looked at. It aims for A grade publications (journal articles and books), training modules, and conference presentations.

Gender Dimensions of Students’ Socialization in Secondary Schools in India

This qualitative study will investigate the nature and scale of gender stereotypes delivered to students through textbooks and instructors’ behavior and communication. The study will examine how stereotypes are internalized by students of both genders in India. The findings of this study will help in developing gender training for teachers and awareness among school teachers, parents, educators and students to overcome stereotypes.

Global Rise of Authoritarianism During The Pandemic

A study of the global sociopolitical dynamics in the wake of COVID. Beyond the immediate health risks associated with the spread of SARS-CoV-2, its social and political consequences are of great import. Pandemic triggered a global rise of authoritarianism that was characterised by hostility towards social groups and ethnocentrism. Through our proposal that integrates evolutionary forces and the need for survival, we attempt to offer a unique perspective on the sociopolitical dynamics in the wake of the pandemic.

Impact of Socio-Economic Status and Cognitive Processing

Despite the fact that almost 7% on Indian population lives below the poverty line, there is no evidence as to how such a social and economic status impacts the way they learn, process and remember information, in short their cognitive processing. The studies from the developed world such as the studies from the United States demonstrate a clear difference in the cognitive processing between the people residing in a lower social and economic status as compared to the people residing in a higher social and economic status. Other strong evidence comes from the field of Neuroscience which shows that not only cognitive processing but also the structure and functions of the brain are also heavily impacted by the socio-economic status. Based on this strong evidence, the current research project aims at investigating the differences in cognitive processing in Indian population living in lower verses higher socio-economic status.

An Exploration into Learning and Self-Reflection During Covid-19

There seem to be two types of people who have emerged amidst all this chaos and harsh reality surfaced by the current pandemic – those who have reflected during the crisis (to find meaning and purpose) and those who have not. Researchers have been working on understanding the causes of stress, anxiety, fears, and ways of coping during Covid-19. There is still scope on understanding how people have given meaning to the crisis, and what have they learnt from their reflections on the crisis. The objective of the current research is to explore and understand the self-reflections and learning of individuals amidst Covid-19.